Trio set of Bavaria Schumann, 1940s

A lovely trio set of tea cup, saucer and plate. It is decorated with light purple chrysanthemums and gold trimming. Based on the back stamp, it was made in Germany in the 1940s by 'Bavaria Schumann'. Good vintage condition, no chips or cracks. The diameter of the plate is approximately 20 cm. (7.9 inches). Beautiful set!

Trio set Bavaria Schumann dengan hiasan bunga chrysanthemums ungu, hiasan tepi dengan warna keemasan, dan masih dalam keadaan baik. Tiada rekahan. Berdasarkan trademark, ia dihasilkan sekitar 1940an di Bavaria, Jerman. Sebelum tiba di Malaysia, set trio ini berada di Amsterdam, Belanda. Pretty in the picture, prettier in your hand. Set akan dibalut dengan baik, dengan free postcard and appreciation card by Vintage Magic!

p/s: Bavaria = Bayern

History of Bavaria Schumann

1876-1879- Tonwarenfabrik Heinrich Schumann

Originally from Angelroda (Thuringia) Christian Heinrich Schumann (*1822, †1884) had a small pottery in Arzberg that had to close because it was in the way of the railway which was finalized in November 1879 and connected Arzberg with the railway network.

1881-1892- Porzellanfabrik Schumann & Riess

Together with businessman Riess as financial backer, Christian Heinrich Schumann founded his new porcelain-orientated factory directly under the Jakobsburg castle, next to the market square in the town center and ironically directly next to the railway tracks responsible for the closure of his previous business. After he passed away in 1884, the business was run temporarily by his wife; Christiana Schumann because his son, Carl Schumann was too young. Later, Carl Schumann inherited the business.

1892-1923- Porzellanfabrik Carl Schumann G.m.b.H. & Co. K.G.

The factory was renamed on the 21st birthday of Carl Schumann I, however his mother still remained in charge until she stepped down in 1896 when Carl married. ears passed and business steadily increased, allowing the company to build a library and a canteen for their workers next to providing cheap housing for employees that originally had lived further away. Due to his social engagement Carl Schumann I eventually became privy councillor in Arzberg and his two sons Heinrich and Carl Schumann II (*1898, †1975) were frequently seen in the factory, greedily absorbing knowledge.

1923-1994- Porzellanfabrik Carl Schumann A.G.

On July 19th 1923 the company was transformed into a corporation and all seemed fine, but three years later Carl Schumann I died at the age of only 55. He was succeeded by his son Carl Schumann II who at the time had been studying in America and later founded the 'Schumann China Corporation of New York' which distributed Schumann products in the U.S. up until the late 1920's. The factory was run by his brotherHeinrich during his absence. While the new market in the U.S. at first seemed very promising, the world financial crisis which started in New York on October 25th 1929 put a dramatic end to nearly all Schumann export efforts. But the 'home front' was not much better and the relatively short-lived business in Duisdorf which had specialized on 'Zwiebelmuster' (Blue Onion) and 'Strohblume' (Strawflower) decorated items remained in family hands only until 1935 before it was sold due to economic reasons. 

Following the second world war, the company supported many former Sudeten Germans by offering housing and employment and after founding the house building company 'Schumann-Wohnungsbau G.m.b.H.' in 1950 eventually tried to match former success, reaching its maximum number of 1053 workers and 70 salaried employees in 1953/1954. At that time the factory used three round kilns as well as three complete tunnel kilns as lots of items were needed for the local market but at the same time export numbers stagnated as more and more cheap imports from Japan were flooding the U.S. market and slowly pushing European and especially German items aside. Carl Schumann II resigned in 1961, leaving the business to his son Carl Schumann III before dying in 1975 and having in the meantime been town mayor and declared freeman of Arzberg.

Carl Schumann III during the next few years started the modernization and rationalization of the factory and drastically restructured and downsized the product range. These steps resulted in a much smaller workforce required to run the factory (merely 350 people) but business still steadily declined. The granddaughter of Carl Schumann I, business graduate Sabine Schaefer, finally took over as manager in 1981 and greatly improved business relationships not only in Germany but also in Europe and the USA. A few years later however, German reunification caused drastic changes as former state-owned and then privatized East German companies all fought for shares on the German market.

1990-1994- Vereinigte Porzellanwerke Carl Schumann Arzberg Colditz Freiberg

The Schumann company in 1990 joined a strategic alliance with 'Gebrüder Frank G.m.b.H. & Co. K.G.' who owned the Sächsisches Porzellanwerk Freiberg as well as the porcelain factory in Colditz. But many misjudgements concerning the market development both in Germany and overseas got the manufacturers involved into financial trouble, forcing them to disband. Facing bankruptcy like so many others at the same time and not standing a chance of finding investors, the Schumann factory closed down in 1994.

For stamps/marks and further references, visit Porcelain Marks and More.


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